History and heritage are two pillars on which India stands. This country has seen a steady amalgamation of religions, rulers and culture over thousands of years. While the empires end the monuments stand still carrying it’s age old history and legacy. While the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, adorns the crown there are many more monuments with great architectural value and daunting history which are listed in UNESCO heritage sights across India. Here is a quick guide to ten most famous monuments of India with immense historical and architectural value.
1. INDIA GATE
India Gate, the monument built to keep the memoirs alive in our mind of the soldiers who lost their lives in fighting for British army in World War 1. The monument consists the names of both Indian as well as British soldiers. Designed by Edward Lutyens the monument stands erect amidst the National Capital. “Amar Jawan Jyoti” (the immortal flame) was added later in it to commemorate the soldiers who fought against Pakistan in the Indo-Pak war of 1971. The fire keeps on burning day and night since then. The monument is a great point of attraction in country capital Delhi and is also a popular hang out area for the locals.
2. GOLDEN TEMPLE
This beautiful Gurudwara is located in Amritsar city of Punjab. The main shrine is created with a blend of both Hindu and Islamic architecture. Around 750 kg of gold is used to build the temple. The tourists here are given a few minutes to witness the inner sanctum and are later on gently told to move so that other people can also get the chance to have a look at this beauty. The Guru Granth Sahib is installed during morning here and during night it is returned to Akal Takht. The place is simply a piece of beauty and tranquility and here you will definitely feel the divine presence of God.
3. TAJ MAHAL
Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world is a piece of unmatched beauty. The whole monument is built of white marble and has perfect symmetry. With a total number of twenty-two small domes, the monument is located on the south bank of river Yamuna. Urdu verses are inscribed on it so beautifully that it makes us think about utter dedication and perfection of the workers at those times with such limited resources. This masterpiece was built in the year 1631 under the reign of emperor Shahjahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaj Mahal. The beauty of the monument leave each and every visitor spellbound.
The monument’s visiting hours vary from season to season but is generally opened from sunrise to sunset. Also, a very important thing to keep in mind is that it remains closed on Fridays. Book a taxi or tanga to reach to this place from the station. This place is worth visiting at least once in a lifetime.
4. RED FORT, DELHI
Red Fort was built by Mughal Emporer Shahjahan. It took straight nine long years to build this huge fort. The Fort was built after Delhi was made capital after Agra during Mughal times. This fort was built basically to serve for the residential purpose of the important people of Mughal times. Built of red sandstone the monument stands straight in the northern part of the National Capital. The place is just amazingly mesmerizing and one must pay a visit over there to have a glimpse of the architecture of Mughal times.
5. IMAMBARA, LUCKNOW
We are talking about Lucknow and we are not giving any historical touch to it is like preparing daal without tadka. Imambara, one of the oldest monuments in the country and the beauty is absolutely astonishing. On the upper floor, you’ll find yourself in a world where you’ll be having no idea of where are you going, you’ll enter in ‘Bhulbhulaiya’. You have a cent percent chance of getting lost. Children, as well as youngsters, find this place super amazing. Imambara is a must go and you cannot afford to miss this beauty!
6. AGRA FORT, AGRA
While visiting Taj Mahal you can visit quite a notable number of places of historic importance, Agra Fort is one of them.It is also a UNESCO world heritage site. It is just 2.5km away from the Taj Mahal. The site is famous for its archaeological history.The fort is a crescent in shape with a straight wall facing the river. The major part of the monument is built of red sandstone. The fort has two gates “Lahore Gate” and “Delhi Gate”.However the “Delhi Gate” is not opened for public use, the tourists enter through “Lahore Gate” which is also known as “Amar Singh” gate. If you are visiting Agra then you can’t afford to miss this beauty and it should be on your list by now if you are planning for your forthcoming vacations.
7. QUTUB MINAR, DELHI
This 73m tall minaret stands straight in Delhi and was built by the first Muslim ruler of India Qutab-ud-din Aibak. The whole structure was not completed during his lifetime so later on it was completed by its successors. The Minar is built of red sandstone at the base and at the top, it is made of marble and sandstone. The beauty of the Minar is really unmatched. It remained one of the tallest structures of the world for sometimes too. One must pay a visit to watch this beauty at the national capital.
8. AKBAR’S TOMB, AGRA
The famous Mughal emperor Akbar’s last resting place is what we know as Akbar’s tomb. The monument is located 13km away from Agra in Sikandra. This piece of beauty is made of red sandstone. People who come to explore Agra do not leave this place unvisited. The monument is located in the mid of lush green fields. One of the very notable facts about the monument is that the monument was that it was planned by Emperor Akbar himself. Different names of Allah are inscribed over it. If you are visiting Agra.
9. GATEWAY OF INDIA
This mesmerizing structure was created commemorating the visit of King George V and Queen Mary for their very first visit in Mumbai. The monument is built in yellow basalt and concrete. The place is a major tourist attraction spot in Mumbai and every year a large number of tourists from the country as well as from outside the country come to visit this piece of beauty. The gateway is bordered by the Arabian sea and overlooks the Mumbai harbor. If you are planning a trip to Mumbai then you simply can’t miss this place.
10. FATEHPUR SIKRI
Fatehpur Sikri is a site which displays a number of buildings of historical importance. It is included in one of the world heritage sites and often witnesses the presence of a number of visitors. Buland Darwaza is a famous place which was built by Mughal Emperor Akbar. On an all how the experience of the placed can be summed up is that you will clearly feel the beauty of the architecture of Mughal times by having an insight to amazing places of historic importance. Fatehpur Sikri should be a must visit while exploring Agra.
Contribution: Aishwarya Awasthi